Archives pour l'étiquette Addiction

Benoît Servant: empire of the lure

The author focuses on the polemic about the dangers of NTIC for the mental heath of adolescents. It argues that the defenders of NTIC are characterized by a disavowal of the problem of their overuse and the importance of links between human beings, by a dubious assertion of their value as self-therapy, and by an improper use of psychoanalytical concepts. He associates this attitude with a lack of tolerance for internal and external alterity, a feature of our modern life that is fostered by the virtualization of experience.

Adolescence, 2016, 34, 1, 179-189.

Benoît Servant : l’empire du leurre

L’auteur s’intéresse à la polémique sur la dangerosité des NTIC pour la santé mentale des adolescents. Il relève chez les « défenseurs » des NTIC un déni du problème soulevé par leur usage excessif et de l’importance du lien interhumain, une affirmation discutable de leur valeur auto-thérapeutique, et un usage détourné de concepts psychanalytiques. Il rattache cette position à une intolérance à l’altérité interne et externe propre à notre modernité et favorisée par la virtualisation de l’expérience.

Adolescence, 2016, 34, 1, 179-189.

François Richard: borderline ways of functioning from childhood to adolescence

In a sixteen year-old adolescent boy, the after-effect in adolescence enables us to analyze a dysharmony in evolution that is masked by neurotic defenses. Treatment allows for satisfying symbolization, until a subjectal disorder and delusive episode occur, leading us to hypothesize the existence of a childhood proximity pathology – both incestuous and symbiotic, involving the maternal object – which has hitherto been only indirectly discernible in a feeling of emptiness and evasiveness in love relationships.

Adolescence, 2015, 33, 4, 789-803.

 

François Richard : fonctionnements limites de l’enfance à l’adolescence

Chez un adolescent de seize ans, l’après-coup adolescent rend possible l’analyse d’une dysharmonie d’évolution recouverte par des défenses névrotiques. La cure permet une symbolisation satisfaisante puis interviennent un trouble subjectal et un moment délirant, ce qui amène à faire l’hypothèse d’une pathologie infantile de proximité – à la fois incestueuse et symbiotique avec l’objet maternel – qui n’était jusqu’alors perceptible qu’indirectement dans une sensation de vide et des dérobades face aux relations amoureuses.

Adolescence, 2015, 33, 4, 789-803.

Gérard Pirlot: addictions, passions of the body

Within its very etymology, addiction is tied to passion, an “incarnate” passion whose object would be not another subject, but rather an object that alienates the subject from his body and its needs: a drug or addictive behavior. After a review of the specifics of Freud’s vocabulary giving a glimpse of the links between passion and addiction, the author will describe how addictive conduct is triggered and maintained in adolescence.

Adolescence, 2015, 33, 1, 153-163.

Gérard Pirlot : les addictions, passions du corps

L’addiction a, dans son étymologie même, rapport avec la passion ; une passion « incarnée » dont l’objet ne serait pas un autre sujet mais un objet aliénant le sujet à son corps et ses besoins : la drogue ou la conduite addictive. Après un rappel sur les spécificités du vocabulaire freudien permettant d’entrevoir les liens entre passion et addiction, l’auteur décrit en quoi la conduite addictive se déclenche et s’entretient à l’adolescence.

Adolescence, 2015, 33, 1, 153-163.

MARTY F. : Hight-sounding devices of violence at adolescence 

Every thing that sounds both attacks and builds the adolescent. It represents one of the devices used by violence in the course of puberty : now adestructive one on the puberty side and, rather, an elaborative one when on the side of the adolescens process. Being a stamp of the adolescent space, a seat for group identifications, a containin and protecting envelope enabling the adolescent to be safely confronted to the threat of its piberty fantasies, everthing higt-sounding expresses violence at adolescence whilst shaping it at same time. 

LIPPE D. : Juliette of the quest for a bladly indentified object 

Developing at long lenght the case of a young bulimic patient around mutative periods of the transference relationship and of the fruitful drawbacks of a lateral transference within the cure, I try to stress the particular and specific characteristics of her objet relation. I suggest that one should interpret the addiction to food as being the problematics of flaws in archaïc identitification processes linked to the fact that the primary cathexis were “ to identify badly ” or were “ badly identified ”. The object could thus not be intrejected but only incorporated. Hence an endless quest (addiction) not so much of the object itself but, rather, an attempt to identify “ that very ” object in order to identify oneself to it and thus be able to avoid being alienated by it.

Sztulman H. : Drug addicts : between addiction and ordeal 

The most recent and various researches, whether clinical, theoretical or therapeutic all agree on a central theme : in each encourter, which is always singular, between a person, a substance (or an object) and an environment, one cannot identify any specific or characteristic type of either personality structure or organization. At the most, scholars and clinicians may sometimes stress that defence mechanisms, the type of anxiety and most of the time the economics of such subjects as drug addicts, or persons liable to be addicted, remind one of what we find with borderline states but surely not exclusively. Quite a few common psychopatological traits, all stamped with the seal of regression is, besides, to be found with these patients with quite a few consequences to have to be followed in the therapeutic approach : a regression from desire towards quest, and from quest towards need, a regression of the mental towards the behavioral, and from the behavioral towards the bodily, a drive regression from aggressiveness towards violence and from libido to selferoticism. Within such a conceptual context, the autor wishes to stress the functions at work within this kind of psychopatological posture (or vulnerability) : namely, mainly two, i. e. the addictive function and the function of ordeal which will be both defined, described, analyzed and, if possible, linked with the several kinds of structures. 

MORHAIN EMILIE, MORHAIN YVES : « VIOLIN ». THE ATTEMPTED SUICIDE OF AN ADOLESCENT GIRL : MOURNING WORK AND SUBLIMATION

The authors address the issue of the attempted suicide of a teenager in connection with « mother » failing in its capacity as investment, resulting in the formation of a hole in the object relation. The tension of conflict between attraction and object-preserving narcissistic found to be expressed through the body and act at such great suffering in adolescent identity. In an attempt to plug the gaps caused by narcissistic failures of the early object, use an object of addiction (violin) – from tuning and hooking – has allowed this teenager to avoid confront loss, emptiness itself, and to distance any investment that could be threatening to her psychic integrity. The authors show how psychotherapy mediation will promote the involvement of this adolescent work in barter and mourning in support of sublimation.