This article examines three novels sustained by the adolescence-work of their authors, Assia Djebar, Faïza Guène and Jonas Hassen Khemiri. Inscribed in the conflicts between the languages they will organize, these novels act as a “cultural laboratory” in which to treat the cultural trauma of relations between Maghreb and Europe: they work on historicization in language and complexify the process of intergenerational retransmission.
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 655-678.
This article will examine the concept of the digital ordeal to better understand the online dissemination of digital videos and photos. Laying their cards on the table by publishing images in which they are recognizable, some adolescents compromise their identity under the gaze of the community of anonymous internauts, thus reactivating the anthropology of risk-taking within conditions specific to the Web 2.0
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 649-654.
This article reviews a collection of writings by Japanese and French clinicians studying adolescent withdrawal or hikikomori. The work presents a partnership between Japan and Europe that should be developed in order to better appreciate what is constant in and specific to behaviors of adolescence
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 643-647.
A mass murder of journalists will serve as a starting point for an analysis of fanaticism, its sources and its social context in a modern Europe that is heir to the Enlightenment. We will try to show how the movement of institutionalized loyalty from the state to religion is based on the principles of humanism. We will discuss the notion of the development of a sense of morality in the child using observations of psychoanalysis and evoke the links between style and psychic position in regard to paranoia.
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 613-639.
The phenomenon of young people withdrawing into their homes (hikikomori) shows us a new and particular way for adolescents from different backgrounds to express their malaise. The way they speak of their journey and their reclusion will be the subject of an analysis that reveals three types of withdrawal: alternative withdrawal, reactional withdrawal, and chrysalis withdrawal. Each is a way of responding to social expectations and family dynamics during the passage into adulthood.
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 603-612.
The social withdrawal of youths, called hikikomori and studied Japan since the 1990s has received little attention from researchers and clinicians in other countries. Using Deleuze and Agamben’s reading of Melville’s story “Bartleby the Scrivener”, the author will attempt to define withdrawal as a “negative preference” that can be resolved through an overcoming of self in the passage from adolescence to adulthood.
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 593-601.
The teleoperating platform SWoOZ sets up a humanoid robot as a mediator between two humans. The first studies emphasize the subjective and affective dimensions of the experience of people interacting with the robot, especially in terms of presence, point out the untapped potential for the clinical use of the robot. It appears as a technological tool, toy, playmate and partner in the therapeutic process.
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 583-591.
Adolescents, adepts of the Web and Internet tools, are naturally inclined to use online resources. This article shows the functioning of network of psychotherapists who use a video-consultation platform in the treatment of expatriated patients. The authors emphasize the necessity of training caregivers in the use of these new psychotherapeutic practices. Three clinical of long-distance treatment will be presented and discussed.
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 573-582.
Using experience with treatment young hikikomori from Nagoya University in Japan, the authors study the context and effects of online consultation (by telephone or email). This modality of therapy only works if it is a continuation of an already-established transference relation. Certain conditions are necessary to get it started, among them a minimum respect for the setting. Online consultations can be beneficial when they favor a mediating object and re-introduce a social dimension into the private world of the hikikomori.
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 559-572.
The uses of the digital by French and Japanese teenagers who are in social withdrawal (hikikomori) is explored through a study of biographical research interviews. Their uses are many: ludic, occupational, educational, socializing, even militant, if the digital becomes a counter-culture conducive to anonymity and freedom of expression. The digital seems to play an ambivalent role in the social withdrawal of these youngsters: it can help them to emerge from, or push them deeper into their withdrawal.
Adolescence, 2015, 33, 3, 547-558.